Environment

Boka Kotorska - The bay of Kotor

The coastal area of Montenegro ...

The coast is located in the western part of the country, separated on the east side of the boot of Italy through the Adriatic Sea. The coast of Montenegro has a total length of 293 km, starting in the north and extends to the southernmost tip of the country. From the northwest towards the south coast it can't begin better than with the Venetian Kotor (Kotor Bay). This beautiful bay is on the list of 10 most beautiful bays in the world and is known as Europe's southernmost fjord. The Bay of Kotor, is like a pearl necklace and owns home towns as the flower city of Herceg Novi, a UNESCO-protected town of Kotor, with its medieval old town (Stari Grad) and many beautiful sights such as the Isle of Lady of the Rocks.

Moreover, among the coast of Boka Kotorska are three of the five Montenegrin Riviera’s: the Herceg-Novi Riviera, Riviera Kotor and Tivat riviera.

The entire length of the Bay of Kotor is 28 km. In the 4th Century BC the Greeks founded the city of al Risan here. The Romans, after they had killed the Illyrian tribes in the 2nd Century after Christ, they renamed the coast of Dalmatia. By the end of the 5th Century BC, decay slowly as the Roman Empire began to Kotor was under Western control. While the rest, the interior was Byzantine. By the end of the 6th Century BC, the interior of Byzantium was conquered by the South Slavs. These were his age once again expelled by the Venetians, from 15 Century to early 18th Century have exercised a huge influence on the field. Your stamp is still clearly visible. But after all the time, the Bay of Kotor, an area of the sailors and navigators has been and remains.

The Rivièra’s

Herceg Novi-rivièra: The Herceg-Novi Riviera is 25 km long and peninsulas, small islands, a number of attractive beaches and resorts, and all this against a mountain backdrop in small villages surrounded by olive trees and exotic Mediterranean vegetation.

Tivat-rivièra: A total of 17 official beaches in the 31,200 m2 Tivat Riviera can be found. Along the coast are many small bays with numerous restaurants and other tourist facilities. There find 3 islands: Isle of Flowers, Saint Marko Island and the Lady of Mercy Island.

Kotor-rivièra: Since they are located in the deepest part of the Riviera Kotor Kotor Bay, there are no long sandy beaches.

In the south along the Montenegrin Coast …

The Budva Riviera: Continuing south, the next named the Riviera of Budva, in the middle of the Montenegrin tourism, the town of Budva. Budva, Risan is the oldest settlement on the Montenegrin coast. Not for nothing is the most important tourist attraction in Budva, Montenegro. With its 2000 years old history, from the Greek empire, there are plenty of history found in the old town. The beaches of Budva be seen as the most beautiful beaches of Montenegro.
The Budva Riviera is the centuries-old dance of the sea with the coast with an oval face and coves, with beaches surrounded by high cliffs. This unique and diverse beauty, both beautiful beaches and steep cliffs, you can enjoy doubles. Budva beaches are covered with very fine sand. It is spread over a 38 km long coastline with many inlets, secluded areas and small islands.

The Ulcinj Riviera: The last of the Montenegrin Riviera has again the name of the capital of the region, Ulcinj. Ulcinj is a historic port city with a history as a pirate town. Ulcinj is also blessed with a well-preserved old town, protected by walls that are typical of the turbulent history of trade and shipping.

The coastline of the Riviera of Ulcinj, is 33 km long and extends from the Cape to Stari Grad on the mouth of the Bojana River, which flows into the Adriatic Sea. In the rock section are a total of 18 bays, peninsulas Marjan and Mandra, Valdanos sandy beaches and two large Velika Plaza (big beach) and Mala Plaža () small beach.

A unique sight in this part of the coast is the natural Ada Bojana. The beach Velika, Mala The beach, Ada Bojana, Valdanos the beach and the beaches along the pine forests are distinguished by their beauty, size and environment. The beaches of Ulcinj are very sunny and full of tropical vegetation. Due to the shape of the beaches, the Ulcinj Riviera offers many ways to organize sports on the beach and in water.

The mountains of Montenegro …

The last two Montenegrin natural wonders can be found in the mountains of northern region. The karst region of Montenegro is the highest area and is part of the Alps. Due to the porosity of the karst, the rain disappears quickly and leaves behind a rocky and barren landscape.

The national park Durmitor

 

The character of the northern part of Montenegro is best illustrated with the largest national park of Montenegro, Durmitor massif. Here are the deepest in Europe, the Tara Canyon is located.For thousands of years, shaping and forming of the Tara river her way through the soft limestone surface, with the result than the deepest gorges in the world – 1300 meters in some places up to the valley. That is the reason that the Tara Canyon is located on the World Heritage List of UNESCO.

Durmitor National Park is home not only one of the deepest canyons in the world, but also the highest elevation of Montenegro, Bobotov Kuk (2582 m). The average height of the Durmitor massif is 1400 meters, including the 48 peaks over 2000 meters. In summer, the Durmitor massif is an excellent place for all kinds of active recreation. But in winter the plant is a winter sport resort of Montenegro, with the central resort Zabljak (1465 m), the highest city in the Balkans.

Montenegro’s oldest national park Biogradska Gora

 

The 5,400-acre Biogradska Gora National Park is a remote area in Montenegro. 80% of which is forest. In 1878 the territory of Montenegro for the first national park was declared’s only six years later as the first world national park, Yellowstone. The park is not only famous for its 60 meter tall old trees, but also for his five glacial lakes that are gennant also called “mountain eyes”.

And Montenegro has much more to offer …

It should be for a country with an area of only 13,938 km2, which is not large as provinces of other countries, to be clear, the diversity of Montenegro is simply incredible. Other cases in Montenegro, which are anyway already mentioned, the Ostrog monastery, which is built in an Orthodox pilgrimage cliff, the monastery in Cetinje, the island of Mamula and especially the hospitality of the Balkans still exists. The people will certainly ensure that you do not leave us without a full stomach after a hearty meal. And as with most Mediterranean peoples, there is little time to start a party – and the Montenegrins are no exception. Especially in the summer months there are many important festivals such as Carnival Kotorski Bokeljska Noc and that you should visit if you’re in the vicinity. Since the Montenegrins themselves say:

” Crna Gora, nema druge ” ( There is no other like Montenegro )